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      1.  首页 >> 语言学
        论汉语四字格成语的块状性和离散性
        2019年09月27日 18:44 来源:《北京第二外国语学院学报》 作者:王文斌 高静 字号

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          摘  要:四字格成语是汉语的精华,是汉民族长期沿用的结晶,其意义的整体性和结构的凝固性似乎业已俗成。然而,随着汉语的动态演进,四字格成语不应该被视为语言表达中一成不变的“老古董”,而是堪称中华传统文化中独具特色的语言“活化石”,且其本身早已蕴含显著的弹性张力和巨大的变化潜力。本文立论于王文斌提出的汉语具有空间性特质这一观点,聚焦汉语四字格成语这一特殊而又复杂的语言单位。研究发现:四字格成语具有块状性和离散性。前者主要表现为其内部各成分间的铺排展陈、平列组合、块状拼接以及整体运用时的单独成块、相对并立、自由灵活;后者则具体彰显于可拆分、可插入、可换序、可替换四个方面的张弛有度、收放自如、离合延展。块状性和离散性彼此包含、互为因果、相互关联、层层递进,充分显示出汉语四字格成语的空间性特质。

          【作  者】王文斌[1] 高静[2]

          【作者单位】[1]北京外国语大学中国外语与教育研究中心/国家语言能力发展研究中心,100089 [2]北京外国语大学中国外语与教育研究中心,100089

          【期  刊】《北京第二外国语学院学报》 中国人文科学核心期刊要览 2019年第2期3-19,共17页

          【关 键 词】汉语 四字格成语 空间性 块状性 离散性

          【基金项目】国家社科基金重点项目“英汉时空性特质差异与英汉二语习得的关系研究”(项目编号:18AYY003);教育部人文社科重点研究基地重大项目“中国外语教育理论与实践创新研究”(项目编号:16JJD740002)阶段性成果。

         

        作者简介

        姓名:王文斌 高静 工作单位:

        转载请注明来源:中国社会科学网 (责编:马云飞)
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